Increased Sexual Assault Kit Submissions Does Not Mean Increased Sexual Assault Prosecutions

Luke Johnson, Research Assistant; Connor Alder, Research Assistant; Julie Valentine PhD, RN, CNE, SANE-A, FAAN; Leslie Miles DNP, PMHNP-BC


  • Campbell, R., Greeson, M.A., Karim, N., Shaw, J., & Townsend, S. (2013). Evaluating the work of sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs in the criminal justice system: A toolkit for practitioners. U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. Retrieved from
  • Campbell, R., Townsend, S. M., Shaw, J., Karim, N., & Markowitz, J. (2014). Evaluating the legal impact of sexual assault nurse examiner programs: An empirically validated toolkit for practitioners. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 10(4), 208-216.
  • Spohn, C. (2020). Sexual assault case processing: The more things change, the more they stay the same. International Journal for Crime, Justice, and Social Democracy, 9(1), 86-94.
  • Valentine, J. L., Sekula, L. K., Cook, L. J., Campbell, R., Colbert, A., & Weedn, V. W. (2019). Justice denied: Low submission rates of sexual assault kits and the predicting variables. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 34(17), 3547–3573. doi:10.1177/0886260516681881

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